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  • Product Sheet: Asset Monitoring


Image credit: Global Monitoring for Environment and Security



Component products

Integrated Product

  • Precision ortho-images
  • Building inventory
  • Pipeline corridor status
  • Land cover characterization
  • Flood extent
  • River/lake ice (extent, timing, depth)
  • Land use characterization
  • Surface deformation monitoring (environmental and production related)
  • Historical surface deformation (environmental and production related)
  • Woody vegetation density; tree cover density
  • Slope stability (geo-hazards, slope face creep); slope enhanced geomorphology map


  • Surface Geology Mapping - Mapping geological features
  • Subsidence monitoring -  Infrastructure monitoring
  • Subsidence monitoring - Reservoir management
  • Environmental monitoring -  Continuous monitoring of changes throughout the lifecycle
  • Environmental monitoring - Natural hazard risk analysis
  • Logistics planning and operations - Baseline mapping of terrain and infrastructure
  • Logistics planning and operations -  Support to surveying crews for planning surveys and H&S
  • Logistics planning and operations - Monitoring of assets

Geo-information requirements

  • Distribution and status of assets
  • Distribution and status of infrastructure
  • Detailed land cover information
  • Detailed land use information
  • Lithology, geology and structural properties of the near surface
  • Precision ortho-images
  • Sub-surface features and covered infrastructure
  • Surface and ground motion (horizontal and vertical)
  • Topographic information
  • Water quantity identification (Lakes, streams, and wet areas)


Assets in the oil and gas industry include all physical infrastructure and equipment in the production area, such as buildings, roads and heavy equipment.

Assets monitoring is required during operations to mitigate various kinds of risks throughout the project lifecycle to ensure the safety of employees and property. Monitoring systems can be supported and enhanced with EO techniques.

Information derived from EO data can contribute to a better understanding of an exploration or development area and supports decision-making. Both optical and radar datasets can contribute to asset monitoring, with high resolution EO data typically required.

Near real-time image delivery is available, which may be important for monitoring. Daily revisit is available for very high resolution optical data, e.g. RapidEye and Pleiades, and 2-3 days for future Sentinel-2 for many areas. Very high resolution radar can help to mitigate cloud cover issues, and InSAR techniques support specialised asset monitoring in areas susceptible to land deformation. 

Asset monitoring can include a suite of products and services:

  • Awareness of third party encroachment, especially in remote, socially unstable locales. Land use and land cover maps should be prepared for a project license area, to determine potential encroachment.
  • Information about flooding, forest fires, or other environmental hazards. Monitoring of natural phenomena and the environment requires greater spatial coverage and can be mapped at lower resolutions. For example, water extent and level can be mapped with high resolution or even medium resolution sensors (e.g., RapidEye, SPOT or Landsat).
  • Surface deformation, which may affect the physical condition of infrastructure. Surface deformations should be monitored to determine if infrastructure is at risk. Archival data can reveal typical changes during previous years, and indicate the most stable areas for development.
  • Localisation of equipment, which may integrate EO image data and tracking using satellite communications.


The asset monitoring product delivers spatial vector information about the position and type of assets detected, noting potential factors of concern, such as encroachment, flood risk or deformation.

Known restrictions / limitations

  • Availability of archive and up to date data.

Lifecycle stage and demand











Pre-license: No use.

Exploration: Reduces risks in development planning. Safer access for exploration and evaluation.

Development/Production: Improvement of construction and operation safety. Monitoring of asset condition. Monitoring of potential encroachment or damage by communities or environment.

Decommissioning: Reclamation monitoring.

Geographic coverage and demand

Demand is global, but focused on locations with unstable environmental or social conditions.

Challenges Addressed

OTM:008  Determine historical ground movement for infrastructure planning

OTM:009  Determine historical ground movement for pipeline routing

OTM:010  Monitoring ground movement along pipelines

OTM:014  Forecasting sand dune migration

OTM:024  Encroachment on O&G assets

OTM:028  Land use mapping to detect the social impact of O&G developments

OTM:040  Security of pipelines

OTM:041  Vegetation encroachment on O&G asset

OTM:065  Floodplain mapping

OTM:069  Change detection for competitor intelligence

HC:2102  Understanding hydrogeology

HC:3203  Management of surface impacts due to ground deformation from operations

HC:3302  Assessing ground deformation to support enhanced recovery operations

HC:4204  Monitoring local communities and land use in the project area

HC:4304  Situational awareness information on water levels and lake extents and potential flooding

HC:5103  Identify subsurface infrastructure for planning of pipeline crossings

HC:5201  Monitoring assets for risk management

HC:5401  Monitor pipeline corridor hazards

HC:5404  Monitoring of pipeline right of way for third party mechanical damage


Input data sources

For assets mapping:

Optical: VHR1, VHR2, HR1, HR2, MR2

Radar: HR1

For waterbodies and land /environment properties:

Optical: HR1, HR2, MR1

Radar: HR2, MR1

For surface disturbances:

Radar: VHR2, HR1, HR2 for InSAR analysis

Supporting data: Existing GIS data such as hydrological networks, topographic maps, infrastructure, and assets

Spatial resolution and coverage

For assets monitoring very detailed resolution is needed: 5 m or better.

Flooding and the surrounding environment can be monitored with less detail using data with spatial resolution from 5 to 30 m.

Minimum Mapping Unit (MMU)

Variable, depending on features being monitored. Assets as small as roughly 4 m2 can be detected.

Accuracy / constraints

Thematic accuracy: Depends on the parameter and sensor used for its calculation.

Spatial accuracy: As determined from component products.

Accuracy assessment approach & quality control measures

Comparison with in-situ measurements.

Frequency / timeliness

Observation frequency: Dependent on the sensor, but daily update is possible. Frequency of historical maps is highly variable depending on the archive.

Timeliness of delivery: Processing can be completed in near real time (< 24 hours).


On-demand availability from commercial suppliers.

Some HR2 and MR1 products are freely available for public search. 

Delivery / output format

Data type:

  • Vector

File format:

  • Shapefile or any other OGC standard file formats


Download product sheet.


Lead Author:Hatfield Consultants/SRC
Peer Reviewer:OTM/GeoVille



Document Title:

Asset Monitoring

# of Pages:



Internal – Project consortium and science partners


External – ESA



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