The Copernicus services for Security applications aim to support the related European Union policies in the following priority
- Border surveillance;
In the area of border surveillance, main objectives are to reduce the number of illegal immigrants entering the EU undetected, to reduce the death toll of illegal immigrants by rescuing more lives at sea and to increase internal security of the European Union as a whole by contributing to the prevention of cross-border crime.
- Maritime Surveillance
In the area of maritime surveillance, the overall objective of the European Union is to ensure the safe use of the sea and to secure Europe’s maritime borders. The corresponding challenges mainly relate to safety of navigation, marine pollution, law enforcement, and overall security.In the area of maritime surveillance, work is being pursued mainly through research and demonstrator activities. Read more about
- Support to external action
As a global actor, Europe has a responsibility in promoting stable conditions for human and economic development, human rights, democracy and fundamental freedoms. In this context, a main objective of the EU is to assist third countries in a situation of crisis or emerging crisis and to prevent global and trans-regional threats having a destabilising effect.
In this context, discussions have taken place through an ad-hoc working group including the European External Action Service (EEAS), Commission services (Development and Cooperation, European Community Humanitarian Office, Joint Research Centre), the European Union Satellite Centre (EUSC), the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Defence Agency (EDA). Lessons learned through G-MOSAIC and the discussions with stakeholders in the working group steered the requirements for pre-operational services and additional research activities.
The Copernicus services for security applications are still in a development phase. At present, the three priority areas are addressed by a series of EU-funded projects.
GMES Security services are at a relatively early stage of development, but some precursor EU and National projects have been set up that cover aspects such as maritime and border surveillance, humanitarian aid efforts and early warning and prevention of conflict situations.
Some products and pre-operational services have been already developed in the following areas:
Maritime surveillance – this includes surveillance of sea borders in Europe, maritime safety, illegal immigration, and illegal trafficking.
Border surveillance – this includes the surveillance of land borders and critical infrastructure such as pipelines.
Support of EU external actions – this includes conflict prevention, population monitoring and resources monitoring, such as water security.
The EU-funded G-MOSAIC project is responsible for the development of the pre-operational GMES security service. It will provide the EU with intelligence data that can be applied to early warning and crisis prevention, crisis management and rapid interventions in hot spots around the world for issues such as weapons proliferation, fight for natural resources, population pressure, land degradation, and illegal activities.
There are three other security-related projects, all developing further capabilities in the maritime surveillance domain:
Integrated and advanced maritime surveillance, NEREIDS
Simulator for moving target indication scenarios, SIMTISYS
Decision support modules for maritime surveillance, DOLPHIN
Complementing these, the GSE ESA-funded MARitime Security Service project, MARISS, offers integrated monitoring maritime security services in different European regions using satellite data combined with in situ data to support improved decision-making on maritime security issues.
The services take the form of vessel detection reports and maps, and support clandestine immigration control and illegal traffic control. The project has been extended to the end of 2012.
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