CARBONES provides a carbon environmental service establishing a first reanalysis of the carbon cycle in a long term (20-30 years) perspective. In doing so, the project seeks to establish a well founded baseline that is designed to be continuously updated. Integrating essential climate variables (ECVs) defined by the Global Climate Observation System, such as atmospheric carbon dioxide, leaf area and biomass data (e.g., above ground woody biomass stocks, soil carbon content), CARBONES is set to enhance our ability to predict how the carbon cycle of ecosystems respond to greenhouse gas emissions and climate change.
Thereby, policy makers and the public will be able to make more informed decisions in order to best deal with the climate challenge. Hence, whilst the primary users of CARBONES’ reanalysis are climate modellers reporting on climate inventories for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the beneficiaries of this service, which might evolve towards an operational integrated carbon monitoring capacity, are indeed citizens throughout the world and the environment writ large.